The Use of Innovative Technologies to Guide Cardiac Procedures

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Citation
US Cardiology 2012;9(2):81-5
DOI
https://doi.org/10.15420/usc.2012.9.2.81

Abstract

The advantages of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) include shorter procedure times, reduced radiation exposure and the elimination of the need for general anesthesia. It is also effective in the safe performance of transseptal punctures. These have led to its increasing use in electrophysiology (EP) procedures. The use of ICE provides unrestricted access to the cardiac anatomy and guides interventional cardiac procedures by providing high-quality images of intracardiac structures and devices. As well as their use as imaging in catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation and other arrhythmias, ICE ultrasound catheters may be used in cardiac valve repair and the closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Integration of ICE catheters with electroanatomical mapping systems that construct three dimensional (3D) images have further increased the application of the technique. The use of magnetic navigation systems (MNS) have conferred further advantages including reduced exposure to fluoroscopy and increased operator comfort. This article presents four clinical cases and reviews clinical studies of these techniques.

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